Why and how to use patient-oriented research to promote translational research.

As we discussed in our first editorial in the December 2018 issue (Polaha & Sunderji, 2018), an emerging science of knowledge translation (also known as implementation and dissemination science) aims to bridge the disconnect between evidence and practice. Researchers are increasingly engaging with knowledge users and other stakeholders as a key strategy to promote uptake. This may include policymakers, payers, and–the focus of this editorial–patients. Patient-oriented research is featured in national research agendas around the world including in Canada (Canadian Institutes of Health Research, 2018) and the United States (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, see https://www.pcori.org/), in part as it may contribute one solution to the “bench to bedside” gap (Greenhalgh, Jackson, Shaw, & Janamian, 2016; Jull, Giles, & Graham, 2017; McGavin, 2017). In this editorial, we provide a general introduction to research, its potential, and its realized value. We also suggest strategies for conducting patient-oriented research effectively, including a description of common barriers and how they can be dealt with. We hope this background will inspire you to get started with patient-oriented research and to learn more, as well as to share your patient-oriented research through Families, Systems, & Health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)