Some methodological and analytical issues related to real-time data capture studies.

Assessing behavior close to or in the moment in which it occurs and in the context of people’s daily lives is essential for many research questions. Such Real-Time Data Capture (RTDC) methods allow for the frequent or continuous measurement of target behaviors. However, utilizing RTDC requires careful forethought and planning, especially when considering the sampling technique, duration of the study, and frequency of assessment. With the rich data accumulating from RTDC approaches, a variety of statistical analyses are available, ranging from simple to complex. These analyses allow for the assessment of intraindividual variability and changes over time. Because the study occurs within the context of one’s daily environment, RTDC studies are thought to have high ecological validity and a reduction in time-related biases. Due to the many benefits associated with RTDC, there is an increasing interest in this methodology among novices and established researchers. This article discusses best practices for conducting RTDC and provides a brief overview of analytic approaches useful in RTDC studies. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)