Acculturation and patriarchal beliefs among Asian American young adults: A preliminary investigation.

Asian American young adults, who grow up in both Asian and mainstream U.S. cultures, often receive conflicting and mixed gender-related messages while navigating various cultural subsystems (e.g., family, ethnic community, school, and work). Such cultural socialization experiences may impact their endorsement of patriarchal beliefs (PB). Therefore, this study examined how gender, acculturation, enculturation, and Asian values predicted Asian American young adults’ endorsement of PB, in terms of beliefs in institutional power of men, inherent inferiority of women, and gendered domestic roles. When survey data from 121 Asian American young adults were analyzed by using hierarchical multiple regressions, study variables explained substantial variances in PB (28%—30%). Being male, enculturation, and Asian values were significant positive predictors of PB, whereas acculturation was not. As hypothesized, Asian values explained additional variances in PB above and beyond gender, acculturation, and enculturation. Gender moderated the relation of Asian values and beliefs in inherent inferiority of women, in a way that this association was significantly positive for men but not for women. Gender also moderated the relation of acculturation and beliefs in gendered domestic roles, in a way that this relationship was significantly negative for women but not for men. Instead, the relationship was rather positive for men. Implications for research and practice were discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)