Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: Echolocating bats perceive natural-size targets as a unitary class using micro-spectral ripples in echoes.

Echolocating big brown bats emit frequency-modulated (FM) sounds covering ultrasonic frequencies in two harmonic sweeps (FM1 from 50–60 kHz sweeping down to 20–25 kHz, FM2 from 100–110 kHz sweeping down to 45 kHz). Using a complex interplay of acoustic…

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Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: Understanding cerebellum in vertebrate neuroethology: From sensing in sharks and electric fish to motor sequences in movement and birdsong.

The elaborate structure of the cerebellum has been long known, although its contribution to a remarkable diversity of behavior is only recently appreciated. Taking an evolutionary perspective, we consider the wider function of the cerebellum based on i…

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