The article below may contain offensive and/or incorrect content.Eleven experiments provide evidence that people have a tendency to "shoot the messenger,â deeming innocent bearers of bad news unlikeable. In a preregistered lab experiment, participants rated messengers who delivered bad news from a random drawing as relatively unlikeable (Study 1). A second set of studies points to the specificity of the effect: Study 2A shows that it is unique to the (innocent) messenger, and not mere bystanders. Study 2B shows that it is distinct from merely receiving information with which one disagrees. We suggest that people's tendency to deem bearers of bad news as unlikeable stems in part from their desire to make sense of chance processes. Consistent with this account, receiving bad news activates the desire to sense-make (Study 3A), and in turn, activating this desire enhances the tendency to dislike bearers of bad news (Study 3B). Next, stemming from the idea that unexpected outcomes heighten the desire to sense-make, Study 4 shows that when bad news is unexpected, messenger dislike is pronounced. Finally, consistent with the notion that people fulfill the desire to sense-make by attributing agency to entities adjacent to chance events, messenger dislike is correlated with the erroneous belief that the messenger had malevolent motives (Studies 5A, 5B, and 5C). Studies 6A and 6B go further, manipulating messenger motives independently from news valence to suggest their causal role in our process account: the tendency to dislike bearers of bad news is mitigated when recipients are made aware of the benevolence of the messenger's motives. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
- How ketamine can change the brain to fight depression
- Scientific Meeting » NIMH Special Event for Autism Awareness Month – A Woman’s Voice: Understanding Autistic Needs
- [CROSS-POST] I-O Psychologists’ Passion Projects: Increasing Fairness for Job Seekers with Criminal Records
- Earth Day 2019: Who’s to Blame for High Temps and Wild Weather?
- United Methodists Edge Toward Breakup Over LGBT Policies
- Psychological Intervention Helps Patients Prevent Gum Disease
- Darkness All Around: Humor, Personality, and Creativity
- Postpartum depression is one of the most common complications of childbirth
- Can vacations live up to their reputation?
- Ancestry.com Apologizes and Pulls Ad “Romanticizing” Slavery
- Transgender Youths Face Tough Decision on Preserving Fertility
- Interparental Aggression Often Co-Occurs with Aggression Toward Kids
- Extinction Rebellion: Climate Activists Practice Civil Disobedience
- U.S. Church Membership Has Dropped Sharply Over Past 20 Years
- The alliance in psychotherapyâPapers in honor of Jeremy D. Safran.
- Investigating therapist reflective functioning, therapeutic process, and outcome.
- Trainees’ experiences in alliance-focused training: The risks and rewards of learning to negotiate ruptures.
- Secure in-session attachment predicts rupture resolution: Negotiating a secure base.
- Ambivalence, resistance, and alliance ruptures in psychotherapy: It’s complicated.
- Characteristics of trainees’ early sessions: A naturalistic process-outcome study tribute to Jeremy D. Safran.
- Personality and outcome in individuals with treatment-resistant depressionâExploring differential treatment effects in the Tavistock Adult Depression Study (TADS).
- Putting the “cognitiveâ back in cognitive therapy: Sustained cognitive change as a mediator of in-session insights and depressive symptom improvement.
- Cognitive versus behavioral skills in CBT for depressed adolescents: Disaggregating within-patient versus between-patient effects on symptom change.
- Positive affect treatment for depression and anxiety: A randomized clinical trial for a core feature of anhedonia.
- Stimulating brain with ultrasound can influence decisions
- Lawmakers Reintroduce Bill to Put Harriet Tubman on $20 Bill
- Teen Climate Change Activist Meets Pope Francis Before Protest
- U.S. Naval Academy to Bar Transgender Students in 2020
- Science News » NIH BRAIN Initiative Tool May Transform How Scientists Study Brain Structure and Function
- #METOO and R. Kelly: The Role of Race, ‘Celebrity,’ and Political Climate