Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: A polythetic model of player-avatar identification: Synthesizing multiple mechanisms.

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Identification is understood to be central to playerâ€"avatar relations in digital games however, extant literature is fragmented. Scholars tend to either treat discrete features of identification as equivalent to the broader construct or use a rigid, monothetic measurement architecture that potentially excludes some who may actually identify with a game avatar. Toward a more inclusive model, then, this study integrated different factors culled from the literature to develop a more comprehensive measurement scheme in which physical similarity, value homophily, wishful identification, perspective-taking, liking, and embodiment are all subconstructs that fall under the larger umbrella of the playerâ€"avatar identification construct. The second-order factor structure suggests the construct to be more complex than is currently engaged in the literature, and a polythetic approach to measuring identification is proposed for understanding gamers' connections with their avatars. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)